How to Steer Clear of Fake News

It’s easy to be fooled by fake news. Especially on social media.

Our browsing history on platforms like Facebook and Twitter creates assumptions about content we’d like to see in our personal feeds. When we show interest in a specific topic, more posts related to that content appears. Like magic. Most of it uninvited. Much of it not real.

We become an unsuspecting audience in a place we once trusted.

Yes, we see posts compatible with our interests, but because Facebook and Twitter don’t effectively, nor consistently check the veracity of what’s posted, we’re only one click away from fake news.

Make no mistake. You’re a victim in this process.

What Is Fake News?

Fake news is news that isn’t accurate. Or even real. It’s put out by nefarious individuals or groups that want to manipulate our thinking. About a topic. A product. An idea. Or a political candidate.

And though the reporting pretends to have our best interests at heart, it’s more likely to be in the best interests of someone else.

Contrary to popular belief, fake news is not a new phenomenon. Nor was it invented by any one political leader. It’s always been around in some form. But currently, it’s been weaponized by power structures to spread hate, fear, and disenchantment.

This should make us more upset than we seem to be. Because purveyors of this news assume we’ll believe anything we read. They also trust we’ll act upon it without understanding the negative outcomes it will produce.

Why Fake News Is So Dangerous

Yale University’s Information Society Project on Fighting Fake News warns us about the long-term damage caused by the saturation of fake news. It’s not just about its own climb to prominence. Its success has caused us to:

  • Question the credibility of news from respected sources;
  • Buy into hopeless realities created by disinformation; and,
  • Empower a situation where those now in control of news dissemination are more worried about making a buck than providing a public service.

Make no mistake. It’s a slippery slope toward losing our rights as citizens when we start to ignore the value of a free and respected press.

Here’s an example of how catastrophic the results of fake news can be:

  • It can influence our right to fairly elect our candidates.
  • Determine how we are taxed.
  • Undermine the solvency of programs like Social Security and Medicare.
  • Draft our sons, daughters, and grandchildren into fighting unnecessary wars.

Right now, we place the responsibility for fake news on the shoulders of those who run social media outlets. But there are few tools they’re willing to employ to expose or control the problem.

What to Watch Out for

Congress tries to get its arms around the issue. However, experience tells us that changes at this level come at a glacial pace. Corporate officers from Facebook, Google, and Twitter testify about their efforts to stem the problem. But trusting them to solve the issue is like deputizing the fox to watch the hen house.

And while it’s tough to see a scenario develop that doesn’t include tough government regulation, much damage can be done before that happens.

Before those protections exist, we need to be the watchdogs.

Here are a few things to be aware of as you scroll through your Facebook and Twitter feed.

  • A post should not be considered true just because it was shared by someone you know.
  • A post with thousands or even millions of likes should automatically be suspect and cause you, the reader, to do some homework on its veracity.
  • Satirical humor can be a refreshing way of tackling serious issues. But humor is often a tool used to veer us away from the exposition of truth.

How to Verify If a Posting Is Reliable

Here are some concrete ways to protect yourself, your family, and friends:

Well-Rounded Trusted News Digest

Develop a news digest from sources you’ve come to trust. Apps like GoogleNews and Flipboard curate news based on your preferences.

Include more than just the sources you might agree with. A well-rounded sense of what’s going on is one of the best ways to support good decision-making.

Use Personal Settings on Social Media

Social media outlets allow subscribers to change their personal settings. This places you in control of posts you see in your feed. Stick with tried-and-true publications that have been vetted by trustworthy sources.

And don’t like or share information you suspect isn’t true.

Check the Facts

If something sounds fishy, look it up on Snopes. This is a website that fact-checks urban legends, rumors, and misinformation.

For accuracy in politics, try Politifact.com. It rates the accuracy of claims by American politicians. It’s garnered a Pulitzer Prize for the effort.

Factcheck.org, run by the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania, is a nonpartisan site. Its mission is to “reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics.”

This may seem like a lot to do. But after one or two fact checks you’ll begin to spot the telltale signs of fake news. Start to remove those sources from your feed. You’ll feel a lot better when you do. There are enough tough facts out there to disrupt our ease of mind without being deceived by what’s not true.

(First published on Sixty and Me)

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